length of ganga river in bihar


It then enters a gorge at Chaurasigarh, 312 km from its source. The Ramganga River rises in the Garhwal district of Uttaranchal at an altitude of 3,110 m and enters the Ganga Plain near Kalagarh. Flowing over a wide sandy expanse, this river crosses Gorakhpur, Deoria, Azamgarh and Balia districts of Uttar Pradesh as a divided stream. It is the third largest river in the world by discharge. It joins the Ganga opposite Monghyr town. But before Devaprayag it reached, the Pindar, the Mandakini, the Dhauliganga and the Bishenganga rivers pour into the Alaknanda and the Bheling flows into the Bhagirathi. The major tributaries of this category apart from the Yamuna are the Ramganga, the Gomati, the Ghaghra, the Gandak, the Burhi Gandak, the Bagmati, and the Kosi. Its average annual flow is 94,000 million cubic metre. The sources of seven streams of the Kosi are located in snow covered areas which also receive heavy rainfall. The Khoh, the Gangan, the Aril, the Kosi, and the Deoha (Gorra) are important tributaries which join the Ramganga. The Dhasan is its important tributary. These two streams meet again in Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh. Between Agra and Allahabad, the Yamuna receives some important tributaries originating from the Peninsular Plateau. Seven streams mingle with each other to form three streams named the Tumar, Arun and Sun Kosi. In terms of the catchment area, the other three major rivers are Kosi (74,030km 2 ), Sone (70,228 km 2 ) and Gandak river (40553 km 2 ). The combined water of the Bhagirathi and the Alaknanda flows in the name of the Ganga below Devaprayag. Ganges: Notes on Ganga River System in India ! Near Rajmahal Hills it turns to the south­east and south of Farraka, it ceases to be known as the Ganga. It used to cause devastating floods as a result of which it earned the dubious name of ‘Sorrow of Bengal’. These streams flow through a large part of eastern Nepal which is known as the Sapt Kaushik region. The important tributaries of the Son are the Johilla, the Gopat, the Rihand, the Kanhar and the North Koel. The total length of the Yamuna from its origin to its confluence with the Ganga at Allahabad is 1,376 km. The Union Territory of Delhi accounts for 0.2% of the total area of the Ganga Basin. It’s important tributaries are the Sarda, the Sarju on the bank of which Ayodhya is located and the Rapti. The Ganga is the most sacred river to Hindus. The Banas is an important tributary of the Chambal.

Embankments for flood control have been constructed as a joint venture of India and Nepal. The Ganga river system consists of the master river Ganga and a large number of its tributaries. The Sind originates in Vidisha Plateau of Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of 543 m. It flows for a distance of 415 km before it joins the Yamuna. It has several feeders in the high ranges and forms the boundary between Nepal and Kumaon for most of its transit across the mountains. It bifurcates itself into Bhagirathi-Hugli in West Bengal and Padma-Meghna in Bangladesh. Its length is 610 km and its drainage area is 12,200 sq km. The total length of the river is 1,050 km. Coming out of the Saptakosi region, the streams flow in south-west direction. Image Guidelines 5. It drains an area of 25,085 sq km. After cutting across the Nag Tibba, the Mussoorie and the Shiwalik ranges it emerges out of the hilly area and enters plains near Tajewala. Thus the river is often termed as the ‘Sorrow of Bihar’. It is known as the Sarda or Chauka after it reaches the plains near Tanakpur. In Bihar, the Ganga river has a total length of 445km. The delta is made of a web of distributaries and islands and is covered by dense forests called the Sunderbans. It sweeps another 300 km eastwards to reach the Bihar plain. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. At this site, the water carried by the Tons is twice the water carried by the Yamuna. b) 445 kms. Disclaimer 9. After traversing 220 km further down in Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra (or the Jamuna as it is known here) joins it at Goalundo and after meeting Meghna 100 km downstream the Ganga joins the Bay of Bengal. Report a Violation, River Systems of India: 4 Groups With Statistics, Brahmaputra River: Notes on Brahmaputra River System in India, Near Gurla Mandhota peak south of Manasarovar. The total length of the Ganga River from its source to its mouth (measured along the Hugli) is 2525 km, of which 310 km in Uttaranchal, 1,140 km in Uttar Pradesh, 445 km in Bihar and 520 km in West Bengal. Soon after debouching onto the plain the river becomes sluggish and large scale deposition of eroded material takes place. The river flows majestically from Gangotri to Bay of Bengal with an average gradient of 9.5 cm per km. Copyright 10.

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The total drainage area of the river is 86,900 sq km out of which 21,500 sq km lies in India. Image Courtesy : ingpeaceproject.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/12RiverGangaVaranasi2pics.jpg. This basin is shared by ten states. The Ghaghra River originates near the Gurla Mandhata peak, south of Manasarovar in Tibet. The total area of the Ganga basin in India is 861,404 sq km which accounts for 26.3 per cent of the geographical area of the country. The length of the Ganga is 2,510 km or 1,560 miles. The delta front of the Ganga is a highly indented area of about 400 km length extending from the mouth of the Hugli to the mouth of the Meghna. A major part of the delta is a low- lying swamp which is flooded by marine water during high tide. Privacy Policy 8. Its drainage area is 46,300 sq km out of which 7,620 sq kms, is in India. It has a total length of 590 km and a catchment area of 45,580 sq km. It originates in the southern part of the Aravali Range, and takes a north-eastern course to join the Chambal near Sawai Madhopur. These three streams contribute respectively 44%, 37% and 19% of the total water flow in the river. After completing a journey of about 300 km in the plain area, it is joined by the 256 km long Hindon in Uttar Pradesh. Obviously it is a river of the trans-Himalayan origin and carries sufficient water. Also, it has a catchment area of 5473km 2 . The total length of the Ganga River from its source to its mouth (measured along the Hugli) is 2525 km, of which 310 km in Uttaranchal, 1,140 km in Uttar Pradesh, 445 km in Bihar and 520 km in West Bengal. The Ghaghara joins the Ganga a few kilometres downstream of Chapra in Bihar after a 1,080 km long journey from its source. The river channel is braided and it shifts its course frequently. It is known as the Karnaili in Western Nepal. Here it is joined by the Yamuna which is its most important tributary. It passes over the cascades in the hill reaches and further beyond through the Palamau district of Jharkhand.

The Kali River also rises in the high glaciers of snow covered region of the trans-Himalaya. It originates from the Yamnotri glacier on the Bandarpunch Peak in Garhwal in Uttaranchal at an elevation of 6,330 m, a source which is very close to that of the Ganga itself. The river flows much below its banks due to severe erosion because of poor rainfall and numerous deep ravines have been formed in the Chambal Valley, giving rise to badland topography. The Chambal raises 15 km south-west of Mhow in the highlands of Janapao Hills (700 m) in the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh and takes a north-westerly course through the Malwa Plateau. Arun is the main stream which rises to the north of Gosainthan. The Gandak which originates near the Tibet-Nepal border at a height of 7,620 m receives a large number of tributaries in Nepal Himalaya, the most outstanding being the Kali Gandak, the Mayangadi, the Bari and the Trishuli. The Betwa rises at an elevation of 470 m in Bhopal district and joins the Yamuna near Hamirpur.

Majority of them originate in the Himalayan ranges but some of them have their sources in the Peninsular plateau. The gorge is 96 km long and stretches upto Kota city. Its main affluent in the upper reaches is the Tons which also rises from the Bandarpunch glacier at an altitude of 3,900 m and joins Yamuna below Kalsi before the latter leaves the hills. Its basin covers 32,493 sq km. Prohibited Content 3. Major left-bank tributaries include Gomti River, Ghaghara River, Gandaki river, and Kosi river; major right-bank tributaries include Yamuna river, Son river, Punpun and Damodar.The hydrology of the Ganges River is very complicated, especially in the Ganges Delta region. It debouches into the plains at Tribeni and pours into the Ganga at Hajipur in Bihar after flowing for a distance of 425 km in India. The 360 km long Ken river rising from the Barner Range of Madhya Pradesh is another tributary which joins the Yamuna near Chila; some 60 km downstream from the mouth of the Betwa. Before entering the Bay of Bengal, the Ganga, along with Brahmputra, forms the largest delta of the world between two arms: the Bhagirathi / Hugli and the Padma / Meghna covering an area of 58,752 sq km. The Kosi River consists of seven streams namely Sut Kosi, Tamba Kosi, Talkha, Doodh Kosi, Botia Kosi, Arun and Tamber and is popularly known as Saptkaushiki. It first flows south-east and then south-southwest cutting across the Great Himalaya through a succession of steep defiles. Many small streams such as the Rishiganga, the Uma and the Hanuman Ganga join it in the mountains. In order to tame this river, a barrage was constructed in 1965 near Hanuman Nagar in Nepal. The average annual flow is 52,200 million cubic metres.

Below Kota, it turns to north-east and after reaching Pinahat, it turns to the east and runs nearly parallel to the Yamuna before joining it in Etawah district of Uttar Pradesh. The Ganges (also known as Ganga or Gonga), is the biggest river in the Indian subcontinent in terms of water flow.

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